Lessons will be learnt…..democracy and political education
September 21, 2014 4 Comments
Last week included the International Day of Democracy and the dramatic climax of Scotland’s independence referendum. Education for citizenship, democracy and social justice has never been more relevant as politicians, commentators and the public rake over recent events and the implications for the future of Scotland, England and the United Kingdom.
Three strong messages have emerged during the Scottish referendum campaign.
- People are interested in politics when debate is brought alive, involves them and when they can see that their vote can make a real difference.
- Westminster politicians are seen as remote and disconnected from the public. This is not just a Scottish phenomenon.
- People don’t trust politicians to keep their promises.
Analysis of the UK Parliament’s make up gives a clue about why Members of Parliament might seem distant from the electorate, as this diagram from “Elitist Britain” shows.
“Lessons will be learnt”, has to become more than just a mantra trotted out when politicians are short of an excuse or explanation. There is a role for adult education to:
- encourage informed debate of political issues outside the narrow confines of political parties;
- make sure that voters are not just informed, but are involved and active in exploring how democratic – and non-democratic – political systems work so that they can hold politicians to account;
- support the development of a new and more inclusive generation of politicians who are more representative of the electorate that they serve.
We might find some answers in a return to the principle of representative democracy, with people from communities developing the skills and expertise to stand for election by their local peers. Practical political education can support people to learn about critical thinking, communications, analysis, debating and public speaking skills so that they can become confidently active in democratic decision-making.
The WEA is one of thirty member organisations who have joined together in the “Democracy Matters” alliance to promote practical political education. This graphic explains our shared aim.
The Scottish electorate has shown that there is an appetite for public debate and exchanges of views about economics, health, education, welfare, equality, employment, energy production, nuclear weapons and the issues that matter to people. They want to influence decisions that affect them and realise that our current political system is neither representative nor fully democratic. Surely a politician elected by – and from – his or her community to be their advocate will be less remote than a career politician dropped into a safe seat to keep their chosen party in power.
It’s a long time since people have been engaged so fervently in political debate and the turnout in the Scottish referendum gives an opportunity to revitalise our democracy. Can we afford to waste it?